The melting point of vanadium is approximately 1910 °C or 3470 °F, making it one of the most refractory metals.
One of the reasons that vanadium has such a high melting point is its crystal structure. It has a body-centered cubic (BCC) lattice structure, which gives it a high degree of thermal stability. This structure allows vanadium to withstand high temperatures without melting or deforming, making it an ideal material for use in high-temperature applications such as furnace linings, heating elements, and combustion chambers.
In addition to its high melting point, vanadium also has excellent high-temperature strength, corrosion resistance, and thermal shock resistance. This combination of properties makes vanadium an attractive material for use in a variety of applications, including aerospace, defense, and energy.
For example, in the aerospace industry, vanadium is used in the manufacture of turbine blades and engine components. In the energy sector, vanadium is used in the production of high-temperature alloys and in the manufacturing of batteries and fuel cells.