Density refers to the mass of a substance per unit of volume. In the case of steel, density is a measure of how heavy the steel is in relation to its size. The higher the density of steel, the heavier it is for its size.
Steel is an extremely dense material, meaning that it is very heavy for its size. This is because steel is made up of a high density of atoms packed closely together. By comparison, other metals like titanium and aluminum have lower densities because their atoms are arranged in a less compact way.
What Is the Density of Steel?
Plain steel’s density is about 490 pounds per cubic foot, which can also be expressed as 7.85 g/cm3. Carbon steel’s density is about 7.84 g/cm3, pure iron’s density is around 7.86 g/cm3, and stainless steel‘s is about 8.03 g/cm3.
The density of steel can vary slightly depending on the particular grade and chemical composition of the steel. For example, stainless steel, which contains a high proportion of chromium and other alloys, tends to have a slightly higher density than other types of steel.
The three main types of steel are low-carbon steel, medium-carbon steel, and high-carbon steel. The density of these types of steel is as follows:
- Low carbon steel: 7.87 g/cm3
- Medium carbon steel: 7.75 g/cm3
- High carbon steel: 7.65 g/cm3
Note that these values are for the solid state of the steel. The density of steel may also be expressed in pounds per cubic foot (lb/ft3) or kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3). The density of steel in these units is as follows:
- Low carbon steel: 0.2836 lb./ft3
- Medium carbon steel: 0.2833 lb./ft3
- High carbon steel: 0.2830 lb./ft3
- Low carbon steel: 7850 kg/m3
- Medium carbon steel: 7850 kg/m3
- High carbon steel: 7850 kg/m3
Density Of Steel In g/cm3, kg/m3, lb/in3, lb/ft3.
|Types of steel||Density, g/cm3||Density, kg/m3||Density, lb/in3||Density, lb/ft3|
|Medium carbon steel||7.83||7,830||0.283||489|
|High carbon steel||7.81||7,810||0.282||488|
Related Posts: What Are the Different Types of Steel?
What Is the Density Of Carbon Steel?
The density of carbon steel is approximately 7.84 g/cm3. Density is a measure of the mass of a substance per unit of volume. The density of a material can be calculated by dividing the mass of the material by its volume.
Carbon steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, with small amounts of other elements. The density of carbon steel will vary slightly depending on the specific composition and manufacturing process of the steel.
What Is the Density of Mild Steel?
The density of mild steel is approximately 7.85 g/cm3 (0.284 lb/in3). This value can vary slightly depending on the exact composition and manufacturing processes used to produce the steel.
Mild steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, with a carbon content of less than 0.25% by weight. It is a low-cost, versatile material that is widely used in construction, automotive, and other industries.
Mild steel has a relatively low density compared to other metals, which makes it easy to work with and transport. However, it is also less strong and less resistant to wear and corrosion than some other types of steel.
What Is the Density of Stainless Steel?
The density of stainless steel is approximately 7,500kg/m3 to 8,000kg/m3 depending on the alloy. Because it’s a metal alloy, the density can be affected by another volume of other elements present.
The density of stainless steel varies depending on the specific type of stainless steel. Stainless steel is an alloy, or mixture, of iron and other elements, and the density of the alloy can be calculated by combining the densities of its constituent elements.
Here are the densities of some common types of stainless steel:
- Austenitic stainless steel (such as 301, 304, and 316) has a density of about 7.9 g/cm3.
- Ferritic stainless steel (such as 430) has a density of about 7.7 g/cm3.
- Martensitic stainless steel (such as 410) has a density of about 7.7 g/cm3 to 7.9 g/cm3.
The density of grade 304 stands at 7930 kg/m3 while the density of grade 316 is about 7980 kg/m3. The two grades’ different chemical compositions and content determine the difference in their densities. Stainless steel 304 is less dense than 316 but has a slightly higher density than stainless steel 430 at 7750 g/m3.
Related Posts: What is Stainless Steel?- Types, Properties, Application
How To Calculate the Density of Steel?
To calculate the density of steel, you will need to know the mass of the steel and the volume it occupies. The density of steel is calculated by dividing the mass of the steel by its volume.
Here is the formula for calculating the density of steel:
The density of steel = mass of steel/volume of steel
For example, if you have a piece of steel that has a mass of 10 kilograms and a volume of 2 cubic meters, the density of the steel would be:
Density of steel = 10 kg / 2 m3 = 5 kg/m3
Related Posts: What is Steel? – Properties, Uses, and Types Demystified
Keep in mind that the density of steel can vary depending on the type of steel and the way it is manufactured.