What is Material Engineering?
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering, covers the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy.
Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields.
Materials scientists and engineers continue to be at the forefront of all of these and many other areas of science, too. Materials science and engineering influence our lives each time we buy or use a new device, machine, or structure.
The definition of the academic field of Materials Science & Engineering stems from a realization concerning every application of materials: it is the properties of the material that give it value. Material may be chosen for its strength, its electrical properties, resistance to heat or corrosion, or a host of other reasons; but they all relate to properties.
Experience shows that all of the useful properties of a material are intimately related to its structure, at all levels, including which atoms are present, how the atoms are joined, and how groups of atoms are arranged throughout the material. Most importantly, we learn how this structure, and the resulting properties, are controlled by the processing of the material.
Finally, materials must perform their tasks in an economical and societal responsible manner. Understanding the relationships between properties, structure, processing, and performance makes the Materials Engineer the master of the engineering universe.
What do material engineers do?
Materials engineers work with metals, ceramics, and plastics to create new materials. Materials engineers develop, process, and test materials used to create a range of products, from computer chips and aircraft wings to golf clubs and biomedical devices.
Is Materials Engineering a good degree?
A degree in material engineering, technology, or science is a good way of landing a job as a material science engineer. However, due to the versatility of employment, one can get a job with a graduate degree in any of the following subjects: Applied chemistry. Chemical engineering.
What is a materials engineering degree?
Materials engineering careers involve the study, development, and testing of materials required in a wide range of manufactured products. Most materials engineers focus on a particular type of material, such as metals (metallurgical engineering) or ceramics (ceramic engineering).