What Is CVT Transmission?- Working And Application

CVT stands for continuously variable transmission, and this type of automatic transmission uses pulleys and a steel band instead of traditional fixed gears. It’s always automatically adjusting to your driving, and it provides smooth, step-less gear changes. Car manufacturers like CVT transmissions because they help improve fuel efficiency by containing RPMs, or engine speed.

What Is a CVT Transmission?

A continuously variable transmission (CVT) is an automatic transmission that can change seamlessly through a continuous range of gear ratios. This contrasts with other transmissions that provide a limited number of gear ratios in fixed steps. The flexibility of a CVT with suitable control may allow the engine to operate at a constant RPM while the vehicle moves at varying speeds.

CVT transmission systems are also known as single-speed, shiftless, and stepless transmissions. The shiftless nature of a CVT offers unparalleled flexibility that maintains constant angular velocity regardless of output speed. Additionally, a continuously variable transmission makes accelerating smooth and offers enhanced fuel economy.

CVTs are used in automobiles, tractors, motor scooters, snowmobiles, bicycles, and earthmoving equipment. The most common type of CVT uses two pulleys connected by a belt or chain; however, several other designs have also been used at times.

CVT transmission stands for continuously variable transmission.

How Does a CVT Transmission work?

To see how a CVT works, you need to understand a manual and a traditional automatic Transmission. A manual has a set number of gears and the driver determines what gear ratio he needs. An automatic also has a set number of gears but uses a hydraulic system that responds to the pressure created by the conditions to determine the gear required without operator input.

A CVT is similar to an automatic in that it doesn’t use any input from the driver, but that’s where the similarities end. A CVT has no gears. Instead, it has two pulleys. One pulley is connected to the engine and the other to the wheels. A flexible belt connects the two pulleys.

The width of the pulleys changes depending on how much power the vehicle needs. As one pulley gets bigger, the other gets smaller. Since neither the pulleys nor the belt is fixed, they can provide an infinite number of gear ratios in contrast to the automatic with a fixed number of gears.

Not all CVTs are created equal. The most common type is pulley-based, but some other types include toroidal CVT, which uses rotating pulleys along with power rollers to achieve the same result as the pulleys. The hydrostatic CVT uses pumps to control the flow of fluid, which then generates a rotary movement.

Related Article: What is a pulley?

Why Do Automakers Use CVTs?

If CVT transmissions have been around for so long, why are they only now popular? Manufacturers are now finding that they tend to work well for their main customer base. A CVT gets as much power as possible from a smaller engine. This makes acceleration faster and more responsive, so the average driver has a better experience.

What Is Launch Gear?

Toyota recently made some changes to its CVT. CNET says it is now using what’s called a launch gearbox to give drivers the feel of a traditional gearbox. The starting gear is almost similar to the first gear of the normal automatic transmission.

When the vehicle speeds up, the transmission turns this off so it works as a CVT. Toyota says using these new fixed gear ratios doesn’t just feel more like a regular gearbox. It also increases belt efficiency and improves performance.

Which Is Better Between CVT and Automatic Transmission?

One of the advantages of a CVT is its ability to continuously change its gear ratio. This means that, regardless of the engine speed, maximum efficiency is always achieved. CVTs therefore often offer better fuel economy, especially when driving in the city.

According to Digital Trends, most cars equipped with CVTs offer a smoother ride than a similar car with a normal automatic. This is because the transmission never shifts. There are no abrupt downshifts when the car needs extra power, and there is no gear chase feeling that you sometimes get with a traditional automatic.

A CVT is lighter than a traditional automatic and this, combined with smoother operation, helps improve the fuel efficiency of vehicles equipped with a CVT.

The lack of a gearbox also makes it easier for CVT vehicles to find and maintain an ideal torque ratio. It is easier to take off from a traffic light and it is easier to climb difficult terrain as the variable gearbox allows it to run and stay in the correct “gear”.

Related Article: What is an automatic transmission?

What Are the Pros and Cons of CVT Transmissions?

Advantages of CVT Over Automatic Transmissions

  • Outstanding fuel efficiency is a major advantage for your Bloomfield and Troy commutes. CVTs are always adjusting, so they keep engine RPMs low and consistent, avoiding the high engine speeds that suck down gasoline.
  • CVTs also have lower production costs because they have fewer moving parts than traditional automatics. This is another appealing factor to car manufacturers, and thus to car buyers as well.
  • CVTs deliver a smooth ride because the transmission doesn’t have to constantly switch gears.

Disadvantages of CVT Over Automatic Transmissions

  • You may feel a delay when you step on the accelerator. That’s because, compared to a regular automatic transmission, there’s a slight pause as the CVT band adjusts.
  • CVTs can be hard to get used to because they just don’t feel the same way a traditional automatic does. The engine sound is monotonous, and you don’t feel a connection with the car like you do when you can tell a gear has shifted.
  • In spite of the low initial costs of a CVT, repairs can be more expensive because the parts are more costly to replace. And because technicians need special training, it may be harder to find someone that can make the repair. This has become less of an issue as CVTs have become more common.

What to Watch Out for When Buying a Used Car With a CVT

You’ll need to do some extra research before you buy a used car with a CVT. Because of the expense of replacing a CVT, be sure you take a test drive, conduct an inspection, and check the warranty on it.

While test driving, look out for the following:

  • Slow shifting: While you don’t have to shift a CVT from first to second gear, you do have to shift between the park, drive, and reverse. If it takes more than a second or so for the transmission to shift, it can indicate a faulty CVT that may break down soon.
  • Strange sounds: CVTs are naturally louder than their traditional counterparts, but they shouldn’t be so loud that humming and whining are normal. If you hear excessive noise when accelerating, that’s a red flag.
  • Slipping: When you accelerate, you should experience a continuous, seamless acceleration. If it slips or momentarily loses power, the CVT is faulty.
  • Jerky shifting: Shifting should never jerk or jolt the vehicle.
  • Inconsistent rpm: A CVT should remain consistent, so if you notice a fluctuation in rpm while you’re driving at a steady speed, that may indicate a problem.
  • Dirty transmission fluid: If the transmission fluid is dirty, it could indicate an issue with the CVT, among other problems.


Is CVT transmission better than automatic?

Depending on the vehicle and the driver, a CVT can provide a smoother driving experience when comparing it to a traditional automatic. According to Carfax, one of the most significant advantages of having a CVT is that they are often more fuel-efficient than a regular automatic.

How long does a CVT transmission last?

CVT transmissions last just as long as a traditional automatic transmission and are designed to last the full life of the vehicle. The typical CVT has a life expectancy of at least 100,000 miles. Certain models like the Toyota Prius commonly last well over 300,000 miles.

What are the pros and cons of a CVT transmission?

Pros and Cons of CVT (Continuous Variable Transmission)

  • Improved fuel efficiency.
  • Desired responsive Power At all Times.
  • Smooth Rides over Long Distance.
  • Better Torque Ratio.
  • Lighter unit and fewer parts to mend.
  • Expensive to Repair.
  • High maintenance costs.
  • Peculiar Acceleration tone.

What is difference between CVT and automatic transmission?

The most significant difference between the Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) and an automatic transmission is that while the automatic has multiple gears (or speeds) and uses hydraulic power to shift gears and cause the engine to operate at various speeds and outputs, the CVT has essentially a single gear/speed.

Is a 6-speed automatic a CVT?

Rather than having a static number of gears, each with its own ratio, such as 6 gears in a 6-speed automatic transmission, continuously variable transmission operates differently.

Is CVT good for hills?

At the same time, L mode also provides engine braking while going downhill. This balance makes CVT ideal for driving in the hills. This is another myth because of which car buyers shy away from buying an automatic transmission.

Who has the worst CVT transmission?

But Nissan’s CVTs are also known for failing early on, which is why they’re the subject of many lawsuits. The transmissions are notorious for shuddering, making strange noises, overheating—and forcing the vehicle into a “limp” mode. Some would argue that Nissan’s CVTs are the worst transmissions ever built.

How much does it cost to replace a CVT transmission?

Replacing a CVT transmission costs roughly between $3,000 and $5,000 or higher. The CVTs won’t last nearly as long as the standard automatic transmissions, and it’s not surprising if they fail to run for more than 100K miles or less.

How much does it cost to fix a CVT transmission?

The average cost to repair a CVT transmission ranges between $3500 and $8000. The price varies by the make and model of the vehicle; Nissan and Honda CVTs tend to be on the lower-priced end while Subaru’s CVTs are toward the higher end.

How do you ruin a CVT transmission?

Five ways to destroy your automatic transmission

  • Shifting into gear without stopping the vehicle.
  • Forgoing the parking brake when, er.
  • Excessively revving the engine before popping it into gear.
  • Shifting into the park while rolling.
  • Neglecting the transmission fluid.

What can you not do with a CVT?

Don’t do these 5 things in a vehicle with a CVT

  • Don’t put the car in neutral at a stoplight.
  • Don’t hold yourself on a hill using the throttle if it’s a clutch-based CVT.
  • Don’t coast in neutral, because you’re not helping the car here and now, you’re losing some regen if it’s a hybrid.
  • Don’t neutral drop the car.

Is CVT more expensive to repair?

In spite of the low initial costs of a CVT, repairs can be more expensive because the parts are more costly to replace. And because technicians need special training, it may be harder to find someone that can make the repair. This has become less of an issue as CVTs have become more common.

Is CVT fully automatic?

Technically, this is still true as a CVT Transmission is a type of automatic transmission, however, CVT or Continuously Variable Transmission differs as it changes flawlessly through an infinite range of gear ratios whereas standard automatic transmissions traditionally have a fixed number of gear ratios.

Which transmission is better?

Better fuel efficiency Overall, manual transmission engines are less complex, weigh less, and have more gears than automatics. The end result is that you’ll end up getting more kilometers out of the petrol you pump in than you would with an automatic.

Does a CVT have a clutch?

For starters, there is no clutch pedal in a CVT-equipped car, so you can drive it on an automatic-only UK driving license. You’ll also find that if a car is offered with a CVT gearbox, it will be more expensive than the same model with a manual gearbox, just like a regular auto.

How do I know if my car has a CVT transmission?

Easy, just drive the car. If it has a jerk between gears, it’s regular automatic. If you press on the gas pedal and it feels like you are accelerating through jello, it’s a CVT.

Is CVT good for long drives?

CVT transmissions provide a smoother ride over long distances. When you are driving with the continuously variable transmission, then you will not experience the lurching and hesitation that the traditional technologies could sometimes provide.

Should you buy a car with a CVT transmission?

In summary, there are a few advantages to getting a vehicle with a CVT: It’s good on gas, gives a relatively smooth ride, and is versatile enough for daily driving. It also has a few drawbacks. It’s nowhere near as fun or engaging as a dual-clutch automatic or manual transmission.

How often should you change CVT transmission fluid?

The time interval that you can drive between fluid changes will depend on your vehicle. For example, Nissan will recommend that you change the fluid every 25,000 miles. Most manufacturers fall into a range between 30,000 and 50,000 miles.

Who has the most reliable CVT transmission?

The Honda models with the CVT area unit are the foremost reliable among all the lineups and the CVT transmission lifetime is the longest. However, the automakers are operating unrelentingly to boost the technology. most of the newer models of the brand’s area units are higher than their predecessors.

Do all new cars have CVT transmissions?

They’re becoming so common that it’s hard to find a mainstream manufacturer that doesn’t offer them in at least some models. Audi, Chevrolet, Ford, Honda, Jeep, Nissan, Subaru, and Toyota all provide CVTs as the standard transmission in at least one model. And some carmakers have been doing so for many years.

How long does it take to replace a CVT transmission?

It usually only takes a day or two to replace a transmission in most rear-wheel vehicles. However, some late-model, front-wheel drive vehicles can be quite labor-intensive and take three to four days.