Ears get tired of various kinds of dirty sounds all around. Is that also pollution? Irritating noise caused no day or night without closing your ears at least once. Do you know what is noise pollutions and what are its causes and effects? We will explain each and every aspect of noise pollutions from its definition to preventive laws and laws, including causes and effects.
Noise is a fixed point of the range that a human can survive. Anything over that noise is unbearable. Then why are all the horns on the road? The after-effects of noise pollutions are a lot more than you think. Hearing loss is the worst thing that can happen to humans in the form of the effects of noise pollution.
- What Is Noise Pollution?
- Sources of Noise Pollution (cause)
- Effects of Noise Pollution
- Solutions of the Noise Pollution
What Is Noise Pollution?
Definition of Noise Pollution
The Oxford Dictionary’s definition of ‘noise’ is ‘a sound, especially when it is loud, unpleasant or disturbing’.
Noise pollution generally defines as frequent exposure to elevated sound levels that may lead to unfavorable effects in humans or other living organisms. According to the World Health Organization, sound levels less than 70 dB is not damaging to living organisms, regardless of how long or consistent the exposure is. Dangerous for more than 8 hours to continuous noise beyond 85 dB may be hazardous. If you operate for 8 hours every day in near proximity to a hectic road or highway, you are very likely to open to traffic noise pollution around 85dB.
This definition would first bring to mind the sound of a mother’s voice that would probably have to be combined with noise pollutions. Joking aside, noise is a very real, subtle entity that no one can see, taste, feel, or smell. And because of these things, noise is not taken as seriously as it should be.
Our ears are very friendly to the environment. They have the special ability to block the background of noise and focus on what they want to hear. For example, while standing with a friend at a busy bus stop, you stop the sound of on-going traffic, the stomping of many feet, the music flowing from the nearby cafeteria, all just to focus on the very interesting story to tell who is your friend.
But this ability does not prevent our nerves from receiving continuous signals anyway.
How to Measure Sound Pollution?
Sound is measure in units know decibels (dB), according to The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, a sound that is safe for the ear, describe as 75 dB and below, while sound that can cause damage, He is 85 dB and above. The typical refrigerator runs at 45dB, while the maximum volume on an MP3 player is a loud 105dB. Having a normal conversation is a pleasant 60 dB, while it is understandable that arguing with a loud voice will not be easy on the ears.
Noise pollutions are therefore in addition to unwanted noise in the atmosphere. Noise can be of different levels.
- Based on duration: long-lasting and short term
- Depending on the intensity: very loud, medium, and soft voice
- Depending on the range from the source
Sitting in a car in the middle of traffic is 85 decibels and it’s not more than 8 hours is ideal. Use a power dower of 95 dB for one hour. Do you know a rock concert and a leaf blower, both are loud at 115dB and should have a 30 second limit for these?
Sources of Noise Pollution (cause)
- The sound of traffic with a continuously lukewarm engine of trucks, buses, motorcycles, and cars.
- Living in areas near railway stations or airports.
- Working near heavy machinery in industries, companies, and construction sites
- Dealing with woodworking, welding, generators, law, and other gardening and cleaning machinery emphasis tools,
- Listening to music with a headphone, playing in a band, concert
- Loudspeakers and amplifiers used in large ceremonies of ceremonies or protests
- Sudden loud noises or persistent loud war zones
- Fireworks based on their proximity.
Effects of Noise Pollution
- Noise-induced hearing loss – If continuous and moderate to loud voice exposure, hearing loss is not notified beforehand. It understands only after a time. But sudden exposure to very loud sound even for a short moment such as an explosion can cause temporary or permanent damage. One or both ears may affect. Noise pollutions can hit all age crowds.
- Hearing loss as an occupational hazard.
- Headache and fatigue due to disturbed sleep patterns
- High blood pressure and heart disease such as myocardial infarction.
- Tension increases due to psychological disturbance- One must have noticed that the degree of annoyance is high and the tolerance in loud noises is low. This obviously leads to a quick change without any reason. Dementia also compare with noise pollution
- The Low Birth Weight-US Environmental Protection Agency studied the correlation of low birth weight and noise pollution on birth defects in infants born in these environments, but it still debated.
- Effects on animals sensitive to sounds beyond the capacity of human years have also noted. It expressed as fear, increased aggression, and changes in general physiologic or physiological functions such as hunger, urination, defecation, pacing, etc.
- Noise Pollution due to human Pollutions
- We understand that whether we subjected to it or not, noise pollution can hazardous to our health in various ways.
- High blood pressure, in this case, a direct result of noise pollution caused elevated blood levels for a long period of time.
Effect of Noise Pollution on Human Health
Sound loss can directly cause by noise pollutions, whether listening to loud music in your headphones or exposure to heavy drilling noise at work, heavy wind or land traffic, or isolated incidents in which the noise level reaches dangerous intervals, Such as about 1 dB for adults or 120 dB for children.
- Sleep interruptions usually affected by frequent air or land traffic at night, and they are a serious condition in that they can affect everyday performance and lead to serious illnesses.
- child development. Children appear more susceptible to noise pollution, and there is information ranging from affecting children to psychological and physical effects due to noise-related illnesses and dysfunction. In addition, children who regularly use high-volume music players are at risk of developing hearing defects. In 2001, it estimated that 12.5% of US children between the ages of 6 and 19 had hearing impaired hearing in one or both ears.
- Various heart diseases. Elevated blood pressure due to noise pollution, particularly during the night, can cause various cardiovascular diseases.
- Dementia is not necessarily due to noise pollution, but its onset may be favorable or complex to noise pollution.
- Psychiatric disease and noise annoyance. Noise annoyance is, in fact, a recognized name for an emotional response that may have immediate effects.
Effects of noise pollution on wildlife and marine life
Our oceans are no longer calm. Thousands of oil drills, sonar, seismic survey equipment, coastal recreational water sports, and shipping vessels are now populating our waters, and this is a serious cause of noise pollutions for marine life. Whales are most affected, as their hearing helps them to orient themselves, feed, and communicate. Noise pollution thus disrupts cetaceans’ (whale and dolphin) habits, reproductive patterns, and migration pathways and may even lead to bleeding and death.
In addition to marine life, land animals also affected by noise pollution in the form of traffic, firecrackers, etc., and birds particularly affected by increased air traffic.
Social and Economic Costs of Noise Pollution
The World Health Organization estimates that one in three people in Europe suffers from traffic noise. Sound pollution has a significant social and economic impact on the individual, more than the purely medical impact. Since noise pollution disrupts sleep, it affects a person’s performance during the day, it causes high blood pressure and heart disease and costs the health system extra time and money, and it can be found in children. Negatively affects school performance.
EPA’s action on noise pollution
The EPA issued regulations regarding noise pollution and its control. It added for some time as part of the Clean Air Act. But more effective laws and methods brought by state governments. It found to be more effective than federal regulations. Hence the EPA removed noise pollution from its purview and allowed state governments to monitor noise pollution.
Solutions of the Noise Pollution
Reduce noise in your space: To avoid the ill effects of noise pollution, it is important that we reduce noise in our living and working places. This means reducing noise on your phone or other devices. If you are working, make sure that you can reduce the noise around you.
Turn off the electronics: Another way to reduce the problem of noise pollution is to turn off the electronics. This may include your smartphone or your computer or other electronic devices such as your TV. Turning off your smartphone periodically can provide great comfort.
Mask Noise: Another way to fight noise pollution is to mask the noise. This may mean that wind chimes or running water features are installed to create a peaceful sound environment. It is well known that our mind is very sensitive to such measures, which means that we can manipulate it so that we can better deal with the noise happening to us.
Close the Window: Another obvious measure against noise pollution is to close the windows only if the noise source is located outside. This is particularly relevant for people living around large roads or highways. The issue of noise pollution can be reduced to some extent by closing the windows.
Build a Fence: If you own a house and live in a noisy area, it may benefit you if you build a fence to reduce noise pollution. Since fences are noise barriers, installing them may be an appropriate measure to complete quiet living space.
Plant trees: The same is true for trees. Trees are natural sound inhibitors that can cancel out noise and thus help you to calm your home.
Set up a quiet place: To fight the issue of noise pollution, setting up a quiet place is also a reasonable solution. Since we are exposed to noise almost every minute of our day, it would be beneficial to have some quiet place to relax. These quiet places can be set up at work or even at home.
Electric cars: Since cars that use fossil fuels run much higher than electric cars, switching to electric cars will reduce noise levels significantly.
Earplugs: Another common way to fight noise pollution is to wear earplugs. This may be an appropriate measure against noise, especially if you live in noisy areas or near highways. By using earplugs, the quality of your sleep can be greatly increased.
Headphones: Another measure of noise pollution is the use of headphones. This can be a fairly effective solution that is easy enough to integrate into your daily behavior. Especially at work, headphones have the advantage that they kill noise and also make phone calls easier. Thus, headphones can increase your productivity and reduce noise levels at the same time.
Government regulations: Another way to reduce the issue of noise pollution is to set government regulations. This may mean that the maximum level of noise is allowed for different tasks. It may also mean protecting some areas from noise.
Be Social: Each of us can reduce our noise levels and thus our noise pollution which we impose on others. If everyone does this kind of work, we can collectively reduce noise pollution in public places.
Education: Education is always the main source of fighting issues. This is also true for the problem of noise pollution. We must ensure that people understand that noise pollution can have dramatic adverse consequences for their health and the health of others. If people know this, they are more likely to adjust their behavior.
Explaining to others: We also have the responsibility to spread knowledge and convince others. So, that we can effectively fight the problem of noise pollution.
Protection from Noise Pollution
- Be aware of the type of noise around you
- Since it is a subtle form of pollution, it is important to create awareness, especially among people. Who live in places like noisy factories, industries, airports, railways, construction sites, sports stadiums, traffic wardens, malls, etc. Or working.
- Protection using ear hoofs or plugs, especially for infants, elderly, disabled persons, pets, etc.
- Avoid using headphones or earplugs in large quantities.
- If there is a possibility of hearing loss, get an investigation done.
- Use of sound-insulating architectural factors in offices, residences, industries, and public places
- Planning of living places such as sources of noise and habitat, the adequate distance between schools and hospitals
- Use of silencers in automobiles
- Lubrication and maintenance of machinery.
- Plant as many trees as possible at strategic points. These act as sound inhibitors.
The human ear has many delicate parts. It is the nerve endings in the inner ear that are most affected by continuous sounds and hearing loss when they are damaged. Unlike other cells, they cannot be regenerated or replaced. Hence it is known how important it is to protect the ears from damage.
It is important to seek help from the government and law and order when the noise situation is beyond one’s control. It is our right to demand strict laws to control sound production and eliminate noise pollutions from our representatives in government. We should use it.
Corporate or individual players, it is only with an environment and consideration for fellow beings, one can be motivated to adopt technologies and new methods of noise control.