Basic Parts of a Car You Should Know and What They Look Like

Whether you work on your car or just bring it to the service center, it helps to know the common parts of a car to make educated decisions on vehicle maintenance.

Car Parts Name List

Following are the List of Car parts name:

  • Steering wheel.
  • Speedometer.
  • Seat belt.
  • Gear shift.
  • Windshield/Windscreen
  • Headlights.
  • Tail lights/Turn signal.
  • Hood/Engine.
  • Trunk
  • Windshield wipers.
  • Engine
  • Transmission
  • Battery
  • Alternator
  • Radiator
  • Front Axle
  • Front Steering and Suspension
  • Brakes
  • Catalytic Converter
  • Muffler
  • Fuel gauge
  • Temperature gauge
  • Car trip meter
  • Rev counter
  • Wheel /Tire
  • Tailpipe
  • Fuel Tank
  • Rear Axle
  • Rear Suspension
  • License Plate/Bumper Stickers

Car Parts Diagram

Car Parts Diagram

Parts of a Car

Lets Discuss one by one parts of a car:

1. Steering wheel

You use the steering wheel to control the direction of the car (steer the car).

From the steering system to the front and rear suspension, a gas-powered vehicle is filled with a host of parts that come together to power your car, truck or SUV down the road.

While it may feel like a foreign language, having a working understanding of how the steering and suspension systems relate to the other parts of your vehicle is extremely helpful in visualizing how your vehicle functions.

2. Speedometer

The speedometer shows how fast you are driving.

The speedometer is in the middle. The big white numbers are miles per hour (MPH) and there are also smaller numbers with kilometers per hour. 

On the right, we have the fuel gauge this shows you how much gas you have in your tank. On the left, we have the temperature gauge this shows you how hot the engine is.

3. Seat Belt

The car has two types of seats the front seat and the back seat. When you put on your seat belt, you can use the verb fasten or buckle. Some people say “Buckle up!” to tell everyone in the car to put on their seat belts.

4. Gear Shift

There are two types of cars manual transmission (usually called “stick shift”) and automatic transmission (or just “automatic”). You use this to change the gears of the car’s engine. Also, You use the gear shift to change the power of the car’s engine.

5. Windshield/Windscreen

The big window in the front of the car is called the windshield.

6. Windshield Wipers

The things used to clean water, dirt, or snow off the windshield in bad weather are called windshield wipers.

7. Headlights

The headlights are on the front of the car. Turn on the headlights when driving at night or in the rain, snow, or fog.

8. Tail Lights/Turn Signal

The lights on the back of the car are called tail lights. The red light in the picture is a tail light. We also have an orange or yellow light called a turn signal. Some people call these “blinkers.” You use the turn signals when you are going to turn left or right.

9. Hood/Engine

The front part of the car that opens is called the hood. Inside, you can see the engine. This woman had a problem with her car, so she pulled over (drove to the side of the road and stopped the car). In the picture, she is checking the oil.

10. Trunk

The back part of the car that opens is called the trunk. It is an empty space used to hold equipment, luggage, etc.

11. Wheel/Tire

Every car has four wheels. The black part of the wheel, which is made out of rubber with air inside, is called a tire.

12. Engine

The heart and soul of your vehicle is the internal combustion engine. The engine block features parts such as the timing chain, camshaft, crankshaft, spark plugs, cylinder heads, valves, and pistons.

13. Transmission

The transmission is a gearbox filled with gears and gear trains that makes effective use of the engine’s torque to change the gears and power the vehicle.

14. Battery

The battery stores energy in the chemical form so it can be released as electricity to your vehicle’s electrical components. The battery delivers the electricity needed to run your vehicle’s electrical components. Without a battery, your car won’t run.

15. Alternator

The alternator is an electricity-generating device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current. It is used to supply power to your vehicle’s electrical system along with the battery.

The alternator also recharges the battery using mechanical energy generated by the motion of the vehicle’s parts. If you notice that your battery is not working and appears to be swollen, your alternator could have a faulty voltage and has overcharged the battery. Stop into your local AutoZone to help you get back on the road.

16. Radiator

The radiator is responsible for helping the engine keep cool by removing heat from the coolant before it is pumped back through the engine.

17. Front Axle

Part of the suspension system, the front axle is where the front wheel hubs are attached.

18. Front Steering and Suspension

Helps improve the ride and handling of the vehicle. Though systems vary in makeup, they typically include shocks/struts, ball joints, tie rod ends, rack and pinion steering system and idler/pitman arms.

19. Brakes

Found on all four wheels, your brakes are one of the most important safety systems on your vehicle. Disc brakes can be found on the front and back wheels and feature brake pads and calipers. Drum brakes with brake shoes and wheel cylinders may be found on the back wheels of some vehicles.

20. Catalytic Converter

A device that controls emissions from your vehicle, the catalytic converter transforms harmful gases and pollutants into less harmful emissions before they leave the car’s exhaust system.

21. Muffler

Keeps the exhaust system quiet through the use of baffles or other materials that reduce or muffle the sound.

22. Tailpipe

Carries exhaust fumes from the muffler to outside of the vehicle.

23. Fuel Tank

Typically located before the rear axle, the fuel tank holds the gasoline that powers your vehicle. The placement is important to avoid areas that could crumple in a crash.

24. Rear Axle

Key part of the suspension system to which the rear wheels are mounted.

25. Rear Suspension

As with the front suspension, the rear suspension contributes to the handling and ride quality of the vehicle. Systems can vary, but they usually are made up of shocks, coil springs, ball joints, control arms and CV joints.

26. Fuel gauge

Used to show how much petrol or diesel the car has left.

27. Temperature gauge

Shows how hot the cars engine is.

28. Car trip meter

This shows the driver how many miles the journey has took.

29. Rev counter

The rev counter is used to help you change gear and can be used for better fuel economy.

30. License Plate/Bumper Stickers

The license plate in the picture is the blue and white sign. Every car must have a license plate for identification. This car also has many bumper stickers. These are decorations you can put on your car.

This is a list of automotive parts, mostly for vehicles using internal combustion engines which are manufactured components of automobiles.

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