It is his hidden desire to know about the most dangerous pollution happening around any person. Don’t you want to know this? So please look into this article to know about it and its effect. Even as we have learned a lot about pollution, we are still surprised which one is the most dangerous because we consider each one as dangerous in its own way. While being the most dangerous, we will also know the most common pollutants and their source.
What is man-made pollution?
All types of pollution are harmful to humans and the environment. There is an imbalance in the natural functioning of ecosystems. Air pollution, water and soil pollution, radiation pollution, noise pollution, plastic pollution, thermal pollution – these are different types that are mostly interconnected. They may have a point source or a nonpoint source of pollution. Some are localized such as radiation pollution or noise pollution. Others are spread over large areas, even in cities. Soil pollution is associated with air and water pollution, while noise or light pollution are mostly stand-alone types.
One type of pollution that permeates and affects us is constant air pollution every year. It affects most people and countries. There is severe air pollution in every metropolis. Pollutants are not always stable at one location. They can be carried by air and can affect locations away from their point of origin. Air pollution can be indoor or outdoor.
The most common air pollutants are
- Carbon dioxide
- Sulfur oxide especially sulfur dioxide
- nitrogen oxides
- carbon monoxide
- Volatile organic compounds include methane, benzene, toluene, and xylene
- Particulate Matter and Aerosol
- persistent free radicals
- Poisonous metals such as lead and mercury
- radioactive pollutants
- When plastic is burned in the open, dioxin and furan are two compounds.
The main sources of pollutants are:
- Power plants, manufacturing facilities, waste incinerators, furnaces, and other fuel-burning heating equipment.
- Burning wood, crop waste, and cow dung.
- Exhaust fumes from motor vehicles, marine vessels, and aircraft.
- Controlled burning practices like forest management, farming, prairie restoration
- Fumes from paint, hair spray, varnish, aerosol spray, and other solvents.
- methane-producing landfills.
- Military activity with weapons such as nuclear weapons, poisonous gases, biological warfare, and rockets.
- Methane released as a natural digestive process of animals
- Radon gas from radioactive decay within the Earth’s crust.
- Forest fire
- Volcanic activity produces sulfur, chlorine, and ash.
Indoor air quality is compromised by
- Radon was released from the earth’s surface and trapped inside homes.
- Formaldehyde given by carpeting and plywood.
- Volatile organic compounds given by drying paints and solvents.
- Lead fall in the dust.
- Air freshener, incense, and other fragrant items.
- Particulate matter adds to the burning of the stove and fireplace
- Pesticides and chemical sprays used for indoor pests.
- Burning of charcoal in confined spaces such as tents.
- Dry clean clothes emit tetrachlorethylene and other cleaning fluids.
- Asbestos used in industries and household purposes
- Dander produced by pets, human skin, and hair loss cause dust.
- Dust particles in bed furniture and carpeting produce small micrometer-sized droplets.
- Mold forms and leaves mycotoxins and spores in moist places such as walls and corners.
- Houseplants produce pollen, dust, and mold.
- Air conditioning without proper ventilation.
Effects of air pollution
The effects of air pollution are so varied, from affecting brain development to halving crop yields. Some of these are as follows:
- Air pollution has exacerbated respiratory disorders and exacerbates heart diseases. Difficulty in breathing, wheezing, cough, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This leads to increased drug use, doctor and emergency room visits, hospital admissions, and premature death.
- Children under 5 years of age living in developing countries are at high risk and according to studies have a very short lifespan.
- Diesel exhaust is a major contributor to particulate matter associated with acute vascular dysfunction and thrombus formation i.e. formation of blood clots within the body. This causes stroke and associated atherosclerosis or blockage of major blood vessels.
- Cystic fibrosis, a disease with greater mucus secretion that reduces lung function, also increases in urban centers.
- Air pollutants are brought to the ground in the form of acid rain. Acid rain occurs when sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere reacts with water vapor and other pollutants in the form of minute drops of dilute sulfuric acid. This acid combines with the raindrops and falls during the rains. When compared to 20 years ago, there has been a huge reduction in crop yields. The acidity of the soil reduces its fertility and inhibits the growth of plants and trees.
- Economic impacts are also seen as it is very expensive to clean the air, increasing health costs.
As mentioned earlier, air pollution is all-pervasive and therefore the most dangerous. Air pollution; Ho it is very dangerous indoor or outdoor. It is so common that it can be brought to the top. All living things need air to survive and thus air pollution is also exposed. Together we try corrective measures to control air pollution; It can be erased to a great extent. So, it is the attitude that matters. Live and live in the most favorable motto.