While the spatial size of the entire universe is unknown, it is possible to measure the size of the observable universe, which is approximately 93 billion light-years in diameter at the present day.
How big is the universe? It’s one of the fundamental questions in astronomy. By looking for the furthest observable point from Earth (and by extension, the oldest at the speed of light), we can estimate a diameter.
Thanks to developing technology, astronomers are able to look back to the immediate aftermath of the Big Bang. This seems to imply that the entire universe is within our field of vision. But the size of the universe depends on a number of things, including its shape and expansion.
As a result, scientists can estimate the size of the universe but cannot quantify it.
How big is the universe?
It takes us about three days to reach the moon, about seven months to reach the planet closest to us, namely Mars, 15 months to reach Venus, six years to reach Jupiter, seven to reach Saturn 8.5 years to reach Uranus, 9.5 years to reach Pluto – the nearest dwarf planet, and 12 years to reach Neptune, the most distant planet.
The Sun is 0.00001581 light-years away, and at best we could reach it in 25 days. how big is the universe Its roughly 93 billion light years across. How much is this? Let’s think about the sun again.
The sun is one astronomical unit (AU) away from us. An astronomical unit is 149,598,000 km / 92,955,887 miles, and in our top form we could reach it in 25 days. The observable Universe is 93 billion light-years in diameter and 46.508 billion light years in radius, and just one light-year, is equal to 63,000 astronomical units. Some scientists believe its true size is even scarier than that.
Thus, one light-year is 9 trillion kilometers / 6 trillion miles, and our Universe is 93 billion light-years across. That’s how big our universe is, and that’s not even the end. The 93 billion years is just the observable universe, the universe we can currently see. The entire Universe could very well be 250 times larger than the observable Universe, or at least 7 trillion light-years across.
Read more: How many star in Universe?
How they Measuring the Universe?
Scientists measure the size of the universe in a myriad of different ways. They can measure the ripples from the early universe, known as baryonic acoustic oscillations, filling the cosmic microwave background. You can also use standard candles like Type 1A supernovae to measure distances. However, these different methods of measuring distance can provide answers.
How inflation is changing is also a mystery. While the 92 billion light-year estimate is based on the idea of a constant rate of inflation, many scientists believe the rate is slowing. If the universe is expanding at the speed of light during inflation, it should be 1023, or 100 sextillions. One explanation for this, outlined by NASA in 2019, is that dark energy events may have affected the expansion of the Universe in the moments after the Big Bang.
Rather than using a measurement method, a team of scientists led by Mihran Vardanyan of Oxford University performed a statistical analysis of all the results. By using Bayesian model averaging, which focuses on how likely it is that a model is correct given the data, rather than asking how well the model itself fits the data. They found that the universe is at least 250 times larger than the observable universe, or at least 7 trillion light years across.
Is the universe really infinite?
Many believe our universe is only 13.8 billion years old. However, this is uncertain until proven with extreme accuracy. Sometimes we can’t even determine the exact age of an object here on Earth, let alone our universe.
The universe may or may not be infinite, but our perception plays a role here too. If we analyze how many stars, planets and the distances required to reach them, and the fact that our universe is expanding, then it certainly seems infinite.
Read More: How Many Galaxies in Universe?
Even if our universe weren’t infinite, we would think of it as such because of its vastness and the time it takes to explore everything in it. Our perception ends up creating endless problems.
Well, as you observe, our world is made up of dualistic elements – day and night, hot or cold, love or hate, etc. Everything in our little world seems finite, so why shouldn’t there be an infinite element, like our universe? Many are afraid to admit that something is infinite, but no matter how you look at it, even if you reached the end of the universe, it would still appear infinite.