Endangered Species Due To Environmental Pollution

Any ecosystem can be affected by many types of pollution. Just as human health is affected by various toxins, so are plants and animals. Poisonous chemicals are found in the blood of ancient forests and arctic animals.

Litter is found floating deep in the seas away from any land. Light and sound pollution is affecting the regular patterns of birds and animals.

Toxic chemicals, organic and inorganic pollutants enter organisms through the absorption of contaminated food and water by the skin. Higher animals in the food chain accumulate these toxins in higher and higher concentrations.

This is called bio-magnification. When high-level predators have high levels of toxins, they are likely to suffer from diseases, birth defects, genetic mutations, and other fatal effects.

Pesticides kill beneficial insects, soil bacteria, and fishes as well as unwanted pests.

Water pollution reduces water quality. Pollution can also be radioactive in nature. Dead zones are a feature of eutrophication. This occurs when algae circulate on the body of water and excrete all the oxygen from the water.

No other organism can survive in these zones. These harmful algal blooms are also called red tides or brown tides because of their presence in the water.

Acid precipitation that results from the mixing of air and water vapors and sulfur dioxide in its precipitation changes the chemical composition of both soil and land. This leads to the death of fish and on land it affects the growth of trees.

Garbage patches in the sea are large areas of temporary debris made primarily of plastic. They are deposited in sea gears carried here by sea and air currents. It makes oceans toxic; They damage coral reefs and entangle small and large animals in debris.

Whales, seals, walrus, dolphins, magnets, and penguins are affected by plastic debris in the sea. Even microbes such as krill and zooplankton consume plastic debris and transport it to the food chain.

The sound of oil and gas pollution in the Arctic is so loud that many marine mammals and other life forms have difficulty breeding and feeding. Light pollution disturbs the normal rhythm of animals and birds as it happens to humans.

Hundreds of migratory birds are getting confused by their normal routes from the city lights. Turtle hatchlings die each year as they move towards the beach on the opposite side of the lights. Many insects are attracted to street lights at night and their populations decrease.

As habitats shrink in size due to human encroachment, animals live in a more crowded fashion. There are negative effects such as low nutritional status, reproduction, and survival. Polar caps in the Arctic are shrinking due to global warming.

The ice is melting fast. Hunting and transportation opportunities for polar bears are shrinking. The lack of space affects the feeding and reproduction routines of these mammals. Loss of forest cover leads to the loss of many beloved species such as tigers and pandas and scores higher worldwide.

Wetlands of Asia face many hazards in the form of mass pollution, pollution, and deforestation. They, directly and indirectly, support millions of people by providing ecosystem services such as protection from natural hazards, groundwater recharge, and discharge.

The wetland is a temporary and permanent habitat for a variety of plants fish and wildlife, where mammals provide food, habitat, breeding grounds, and shelter to ‘amphibian’ reptiles and birds.

As a part of pest control, many times new species of plants, insects, animals, and even pests are added to the ecosystem. These compete with beneficial species for food shelter and all other resources. They can also present diseases for which native species are not resistant. Hence the decline in the number of native species.

Endangered refers to species that are close to extinction. And, Endangered as considered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

Endangered species in the US are the bald eagle, American bison, grizzly bear, eastern wood wolf, and sea turtle. Blue whales, baldhead whales, finback whales, gray whales, sperm whales, and humpback whales are part of the larger whale list. Overhunting combined with climate change and habitat loss is a major factor in bringing a species to this list.

Some of the others are Amur Leopard, Black Rhino, Cross River Gorillas, Hawksbill Tortoise, Jaw Rhino, Leatherback Tortoise, Mountain Gorilla, Puppy Monkey Baby, and South China Tiger.

Golden toad has become extinct in high altitude areas of South America due to pollution, global warming, and fungal infections. Several species of amphibians have been lost so far. They are very sensitive to temperature and are affected by toxins in their water sources. As the pest population has reduced the sources of food of the frogs.

Most attention is usually given to large mammals such as tigers, elephants, bison whales, etc. This is usually ignored. But just like plants, insects are a foundation block for the food chain.

  • Insects are natural pollinators.
  • They are natural predators to control pests in agriculture.
  • They are a major source of food for mammals and fishes of many birds.
  • They help decompose dead material.
  • Breaking the soil causes the soil to burst; It is added to make it more fertile.
  • Humans use honey bees and silkworms for honey and silk.
  • Some populations consume insects as a protein source.

Roughly 600 species are at risk of extinction, 48 of which are in the US alone. In tropical countries when pest species become extinct many higher species will disappear at the same time.

Some of the endangered insects are beetles, moths, butterflies, and varieties of flies. The insects that eat the plant are destroyed when the plant they eat dies in large numbers.

In the same way, plant species are also going extinct. Plants are the basic food sources of many large and small species. They bring diversity and color to the world. It used as raw materials to host human needs.

They provide shelter for many birds of insects and animals. Medicinal plants, plant fibers, wood, latex, rubber, and many others are affected by the pollution of land, air, and water. Climate change, drought flooding, natural and man-made disasters affect the flora in various ways. Pests and diseases also cause plant population decline.

Some of the missing plants are:

  • Baobab tree in Africa and India
  • Monkey puzzle tree native to Chile
  • Dragon tree in Africa
  • Boise Dental, a small plant in Mauritius
  • Cork tree
  • Australian Orchid Underground
  • Two popular carnivorous plants – Venus flytrap, green pot plant
  • Baseball Plant
  • Once completely extinct in Wales, Snowdonia wreaked havoc again.
  • Largest flowering plants in the world such as Rafflesia, Titan Arum, Black Bat Flower.
  • A native of Chile is a Chilean plant – only one plant survives of its kind and it can never grow outside its biome.

As mentioned, plants and animals in the world are now only 50% of what they were 75 years ago. Looking at half of a century, the remaining half is also likely to disappear unless strict rules and regulations are implemented.

The glorious beauty and splendor of nature will fade on TV if humans do not take up the responsibility with the responsibility as the keepers of the earth.

As nature gives and gives more without holding us back, because human activities bring change and harm in it, it can lead to the release of her fury that is as powerful as her love. We must learn to respect him through our actions.

FAQs.

What animals are endangered due to pollution?

5 Marine Animals in Danger from Ocean Pollution

  • Beluga Whales. These amazingly beautiful creatures are paying a huge toll for ocean pollution.
  • The Hawksbill Turtle. The adorable Hawksbill Turtle population has dropped by an estimated 80% in the last 50-years.
  • Florida Manatee.
  • Seabirds.
  • Seals & Sea Lions.

How does environmental pollution affect endangered animals?

Air pollutants can poison wildlife through the disruption of endocrine function, organ injury, increased vulnerability to stresses and diseases, lower reproductive success, and possible death.

How many species have gone extinct because of plastic pollution?

According to the report, marine plastic pollution has affected at least 267 species, including 86% of marine turtles, 44% of seabirds, and 43% of marine mammals. Marine animals die every day from ingesting plastic of all sizes.

What sea animals are endangered because of plastic?

Here are some of the marine species most deeply impacted by plastic pollution.

  • Sea Turtles. Like many other marine animals, sea turtles mistake plastic waste for a viable food source, sometimes causing blockages in their digestive system.
  • Seals and Sea Lions.
  • Seabirds.
  • Fish.
  • Whales and Dolphins.

What species are affected by air pollution?

Air pollution has been linked to changes in both physiology and behavior in toads and other amphibians. Ozone impairs immune systems in human beings and studies show it affects toads in a similar way. Insects are very susceptible to air pollution.

Is golden toad extinct?

The golden toad was last seen in 1989 in the Costa Rican cloud forest of Monteverde—and 5 years later, its disappearance was the first extinction to be blamed on humanmade global warming. New evidence, however, suggests that humans may not have been at fault after all.

What are endangered species give two examples?

Animals that are at the verge of extinction are called endangered species. Rhinoceros Indian bustard and tigers are some examples of endangered species of animals.

How many species went extinct from pollution?

Climate change and pollution continue to rise as threats, with severe weather, changing ecosystems and rising temperatures responsible for 33 animal extinctions, while pollution is responsible for 37 extinctions to date, new data shows.

How many species are extinct due to water pollution?

According to a recent study in science, 15 animals are known to have vanished forever from the oceans while terrestrial ecosystems have seen 514 extinctions.

How many animals are affected by pollution?

How does plastic affect marine life? While it’s difficult to know exactly how many marine animals are killed by plastic pollution, it’s been estimated that plastic pollution kills 100,000 marine mammals every year.

How are environmental pollution affecting the quality of life of human as well as animals?

The health effects of air pollution are serious – one-third of deaths from stroke, lung cancer and heart disease are due to air pollution. Microscopic pollutants in the air can slip past our body’s defenses, penetrating deep into our respiratory and circulatory system, damaging our lungs, heart and brain.

What are the effects of pollution on the environment?

Air pollution affects all things. It is harmful to our health, and it impacts the environment – reducing visibility and blocking sunlight, causing acid rain, and harming forests, wildlife, and agriculture. Greenhouse gas pollution, the cause of climate change, affects the entire planet.

Which one is the main cause of extinction of several species?

Habitat degradation is currently the main anthropogenic cause of species extinctions. The main cause of habitat degradation worldwide is agriculture, with urban sprawl, logging, mining, and some fishing practices close behind.

What are endangered species How can these species be protected?

Scientists tell us the best way to protect endangered species is to protect the special places where they live. Wildlife must have places to find food, shelter and raise their young. Logging, oil and gas drilling, over-grazing, and development all result in habitat destruction.

What is the first extinct animal?

Technically, it’s already been done: the Pyrenean ibex, or bucardo, recently became the first extinct animal to ever become un-extinct — at least, for seven minutes.

How did the Golden Frog go extinct?

The species was last seen in 1989 when researchers found just one male. Some researchers say the golden toad was the first species to become extinct as a direct result of climate change because changes in temperature encourage chytridiomycosis, a fungal disease that affects vital functions of amphibians’ skin.

How many species are extinct due to global warming?

World biodiversity has declined alarmingly in half a century: more than 25,000 species, almost a third of those known, are in danger of disappearing. Climate change will be responsible for 8% of these.

What is the relationship between extinction and environmental change?

The decrease in population size that typically precedes extinction can be due to environmental change including increased predation, because individuals of the species are outcompeted by other species, and/or because they succumbed to the disease.

What animal went extinct in 2021?

The ivory-billed woodpecker is one of 22 species of birds, fish, mussels, and bats (and one species of plant) that were declared extinct in the US in 2021.

What species went extinct in 2021?

5 Species That Went Extinct This Year

  • Ivory-Billed Woodpecker.
  • Spix’s Macaw.
  • Splendid Poison Frog
  • Smooth Handfish.
  • Jalpa False Brook Salamander.

Are sharks endangered?

Of the 31 species studied, 24 are now threatened with extinction, and three shark species (the oceanic whitetip shark, and the scalloped and great hammerhead sharks) have declined so sharply they are now classified as critically endangered – the highest threat category.

Why endangered animals are endangered?

An endangered species is a type of organism that is threatened by extinction. Species become endangered for two main reasons: loss of habitat and loss of genetic variation. A loss of habitat can happen naturally. Dinosaurs, for instance, lost their habitat about 65 million years ago.

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